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Changes in acetylcholinesterase expression are associated with altered presenilin-1 levels

AuthorsSilveyra, María Ximena; García Ayllón, María Salud; Serra Basante, Carol; Mazzoni, Valeria; García-Gutiérrez, María Salud; Manzanares, Jorge; Culvenor, Janetta G.; Sáez-Valero, Javier
Issue Date2012
CitationNeurobiology of Aging 33(3): 627.e27-627.e37 (2012)
AbstractWe have previously identified presenilin-1 (PS1), the active component of the γ-secretase complex, as an interacting protein of the amyloid-associated enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE). In this study, we have explored the consequences of AChE-PS1 interactions. Treatment of SH-SY5Y cells with the AChE-inhibitor tacrine decreased PS1 levels, in parallel with increase in the secretion of amyloid precursor protein APPα, whereas the cholinergic agonist carbachol had no effect on PS1. AChE knockdown with siRNA also decreased PS1 levels, while AChE overexpression exerted opposing effect. AChE-deficient also had decreased PS1. Mice administered with tacrine or donepezil displayed lower levels of brain PS1. However, sustained AChE inhibition failed to exert long-term effect on PS1. This limited duration of response may be due to AChE upregulation caused by chronic inhibition. Finally, we exposed SH-SY5Y cells to β-amyloid (Aβ)42 which triggered elevation of both AChE and PS1 levels. The Aβ42-induced PS1 increase was abolished by siRNA AChE pretreatment, suggesting that AChE may participate in the pathological feedback loop between PS1 and Aβ. Our results provide insight into AChE-amyloid interrelationships. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2011.04.006
issn: 0197-4580
e-issn: 1558-1497
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