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Control of filament formation in Candida albicans by polyamine levels

AuthorsHerrero, Ana B.; López, M. Carmen; García, Susana; Domínguez Olavarri, Ángel
Issue Date1999
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationInfection and Immunity 67(9): 4870-4878 (1999)
AbstractCandida albicans, the most common fungal pathogen, regulates its cellular morphology in response to environmental conditions. The ODC gene, which encodes ornithine decarboxylase, a key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis, was isolated and disrupted. Homozygous null Candida mutants behaved as polyamine auxotrophs and grew exclusively in the yeast form at low polyamine levels (0.01 mM putrescine) under all conditions tested. An increase in the polyamine concentration (10 mM putrescine) restored the capacity to switch from the yeast to the filamentous form. The strain with a deletion mutation also showed increased sensitivity to salts and calcofluor white. This Candida odc/odc mutant was virulent in a mouse model. The results suggest a model in which polyamine levels exert a pleiotrophic effect on transcriptional activity.
Identifiersissn: 0019-9567
e-issn: 1098-5522
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