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Quantum Zeno effect: quantum shuffling and Markovianity

AuthorsSanz, Ángel S. ; Sanz-Sanz, Cristina ; González-Lezana, Tomás ; Roncero, Octavio ; Miret-Artés, Salvador
Issue Date29-Dec-2011
PublisherAcademic Press
CitationAnnals of Physics 327: 1277- 1289 (2012)
AbstractThe behavior displayed by a quantum system when it is perturbed by a series of von Neumann measurements along time is analyzed. Because of the similarity between this general process with giving a deck of playing cards a shuffle, here it is referred to as quantum shuffling, showing that the quantum Zeno and anti-Zeno effects emerge naturally as two time limits. Within this framework, a connection between the gradual transition from anti-Zeno to Zeno behavior and the appearance of an underlying Markovian dynamics is found. Accordingly, although a priori it might result counterintuitive, the quantum Zeno effect corresponds to a dynamical regime where any trace of knowledge on how the unperturbed system should evolve initially is wiped out (very rapid shuffling). This would explain why the system apparently does not evolve or decay for a relatively long time, although it eventually undergoes an exponential decay. By means of a simple working model, conditions characterizing the shuffling dynamics have been determined, which can be of help to understand and to devise quantum control mechanisms in a number of processes from the atomic, molecular and optical physics. © 2011 Elsevier Inc..
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.aop.2011.12.012
issn: 0003-4916
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IFF) Artículos
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