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Reactivity of [TpRuCl(PTA)(PPh3)] with alkynes and propargylic alcohols: Occurrence of structurally related cationic vs neutral allenylidene complexes with the ruthenium hydrotris(pyrazolyl)borate moiety

AuthorsBolaño, Sandra; Bravo-Abad, Jorge; Oñate, Enrique
Issue Date2009
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationOrganometallics 28(20): 6020-6030 (2009)
Abstract[TpRuCl(PTA)(PPh3)] (1; PTA = l,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane) reacts with phenylacetylene, yielding the alkynyl complex [TpRu(C≡CPh) (PTA)(PPh3)] (2) or the neutral vinylidene complex [TpRuCl{C=C(H)Ph}(PTA)] (4), depending on the solvent and the reaction conditions (Tp = hydrotris(pyrazolyl)borate). Protonation of 2 with HOTf(OTf = OSO2CF3) in CH2Cl2 yields the dicationic vinylidene compound [TpRu{C=C(H)Ph}{PTAH}(PPh3)](OTf) 2 (3), bearing a N-protonated PTA ligand. Reaction of 1 with 1,1-diphenyl-2-propyn-l-ol affords the new cationic compound [TpRu(C=C=CPh 2)(PTA)(PPh3)]PF6 (5) or neutral allenylidene compound [TpRuCl(C=C = CPh2)(PTA)] (6), depending on the reaction solvent (MeOH or toluene, respectively). The reactivity of complexes 5 and 6 toward tertiary phosphines (PTA and PPh2Me) has been investigated. Remarkably, both the cationic and the neutral allenylidene compounds undergo regioselective nucleophilic attack at the allenylidene Ca position to give the cr-allenyl-phosphonium complexes [TpRu{C(L)=C=CPh2}(PTA)(PPh 3)]PF6 (L = PPh2Me (8), PTA (9)) and [TpRuCl{C(L)= C=CPh2)(PTA)] (L = PTA (10), PPh2Me (11)), respectively. Noticeably, the reaction goes to completion in the case of the neutral allenylidene complex 6, whereas an equilibrium between the phosphonioallenyl adduct and the educt species is observed in the case of the cationic allenylidene compound 5. The thermodynamic parameters for such an equilibrium have been determined by NMR methods at different temperatures. Finally, the hydrolysis of the neutral allenylidene 6 has been briefly considered, showing the formation of the carbonyl compound [TpRuCl(CO)(PTA)] (7). © 2009 American Chemical Society.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/om9005142
issn: 0276-7333
e-issn: 1520-6041
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