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Consequences of plant-pollinator and floral-herbivore intertions on the reproductive success of the Canary islands endemic Canarina canariensis (Campanulaceae)

AuthorsRodríguez-Rodríguez, María C. ; Valido, Alfredo
Issue Date2011
PublisherBotanical Society of America
CitationAmerican Journal of Botany 98: 1465- 1474 (2011)
AbstractPremise of the study: Pollination is a critical phase for plant reproduction, but ecological and evolutionary outcomes by pollinators may be counteracted by fl oral herbivores. These interacting assemblages may also be altered (directly or indirectly) by introduced species, especially on oceanic islands. In this study, we analyzed the effects of opportunistic nectar-feeding passerine birds and native (semi-slugs) and introduced (rats) fl oral herbivores on the reproductive success of Canarina canariensis. • Methods: Manual pollination experiments were conducted to determine plant breeding system and pollen limitation. We also identifi ed fl oral visitors and their visitation frequencies by censuses. Bird pollination effectiveness was evaluated by selective exclosures. The intensity of fl oral herbivory by native vs. introduced herbivores and its effect on plant fi tness was estimated in different areas within the Canary island of Tenerife. • Key results: Canarina canariensis had a very low spontaneous selfi ng ability and high pollen limitation, despite being selfcompatible. Birds increased fruit set and the percentage of viable seeds per fruit, while fl orivores, the principal fl oral visitors, reduced them. Semi-slugs mainly consumed male reproductive organs, while rats preferred female. There was a strong withinisland spatial variation in the herbivory intensity. • Conclusions: Opportunistic nectar-feeding birds increase the production of viable seeds in C. canariensis , but their benefi cial effects are counteracted by the high incidence of fl oral herbivory. Because native semi-slugs damaged anthers more frequently than did introduced rats, these fl orivores may differ in their effects on male and female plant reproductive success.
Identifiersdoi: 10.3732/ajb.1100146
issn: 0002-9122
Appears in Collections:(EBD) Artículos
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