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Detection of rhabdovirus viral RNA in oropharyngeal swabs and ectoparasites of spanish bats

AuthorsAznar-Kópez, C.; Vázquez-Morón, Sonia; Juste, Javier ; Ibáñez, Carlos ; Berciano, José M.; Salsamendi, E.; Aihartza, Joxerra; Banyard, A.C.; McElhinney, L.; Fooks, A.R.; Echevarría, Juan E.
Issue Date2013
PublisherSociety for General Microbiology
CitationJournal of General Virology 94: 69- 75 (2013)
AbstractRhabdoviruses infect a variety of hosts, including mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, insects and plants. As bats are the natural host for most members of the genus Lyssavirus, the specificity of the amplification methods used for active surveillance is usually restricted to lyssaviruses. However, the presence of other rhabdoviruses in bats has also been reported. In order to broaden the scope of such methods, a new RT-PCR, able to detect a diverse range of rhabdoviruses, was designed. The method detected 81 of 86 different rhabdoviruses. In total, 1488 oropharyngeal bat swabs and 38 nycteribiid samples were analysed, and 17 unique rhabdovirus-related sequences were detected. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that those sequences detected in bats did not constitute a monophyletic group, even when originating from the same bat species. However, all of the sequences detected in nycteribiids and one sequence obtained from a bat did constitute a monophyletic group with Drosophila melanogaster sigma rhabdovirus. © 2013 Crown.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1099/vir.0.046490-0
issn: 0022-1317
Appears in Collections:(EBD) Artículos
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