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Title

A revision of Artemia biodiversity in Macaronesia

AuthorsHontoria, Francisco ; Redón, Stella ; Maccari, Marta ; Varó, Inmaculada ; Navarro, Juan Carlos ; Ballell, Lluis; Amat, Francisco
Issue Date18-Oct-2012
PublisherBioMed Central
CitationAquatic Biosystems. Oct 18;8(1):25 (2012)
AbstractAbstract In a biogeographical context, the term Macaronesia broadly embraces the North Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores, Madeira, Selvagens, the Canary Islands, and Cape Verde. The peculiar arid climatic conditions in some of these places have led to the development of marine salt exploitations, which can be counted among the hypersaline habitats of the brine shrimp Artemia (Branchiopoda, Anostraca). Parthenogenetic populations of this anostracan were described in the Canary Islands during the last decades of the 20th century, while the American Artemia franciscana species was recently found in the Cape Verde archipelago. Following an invasive pattern, this exotic species has recently reached the Canary Islands, too. This paper reports information dealing with biotope loss (solar saltworks) in this biogeographical region, together with possible consequences concerning the arrival of invasive species, two factors that frequently promote dramatic biodiversity losses. The discussion of this threat focuses mainly on the Canary Islands archipelago where native species of Artemia still exist.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/64047
Identifiershttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2046-9063-8-25
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