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Micro-scale post-fire surface cover changes monitored using high spatial resolution photography in a semiarid environment: A useful tool in the study of post-fire soil erosion processes

AuthorsPérez-Cabello, Fernando; Cerdá, Artemi; Riva, Juan de la; Echeverría, M. T.; García-Martín, Alberto; Ibarra, P.; Lasanta Martínez, Teodoro ; Montorio, R.; Palacios, Vicente
Issue Date2012
PublisherAcademic Press
CitationJournal of Arid Environments 76: 88- 96 (2012)
Abstract[ES] Although post-fire soil erosion has been studied, little attention has been paid to changes in soil surface cover following fires, despite this being a key factor in understanding the water and sediment yield. This study, at Peñaflor (Spain), investigated the effect of fire on soil erosion using data from soil erosion plots and high spatial resolution photography (HSRP). Measurements were made from October 2003 to October 2005 in a control plot and a plot experimentally exposed to a fire in October 2004. Ground cover components were identified, including vegetation, bare soil, stones, charcoal and ash. Runoff and sediment concentrations were low because of the absence of intense rainfall events, but the fire contributed to an increase of soil erosion by one order of magnitude. HSRP observations demonstrated that the sediments become mixed with ash and charcoal. Disappearance of the ash two months after the fire and a reduction in the amount of surface charcoal showed that these factors control erosion during the first few rainfall events following a fire. An increase in rock fragment cover was a consequence of the removal of vegetation and litter by the fire, and removal of the ash and charcoal by overland flow. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.08.007
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.08.007
issn: 0140-1963
Appears in Collections:(IPE) Artículos
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