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Seasonal variation of benzo(a) pyrene in the Spanish airborne PM10. Multivariate linear regression model applied to estimate BaP concentrations

AuthorsCallén Romero, Mª Soledad ; López Sebastián, José Manuel ; Mastral Lamarca, Ana María
MLR model
Internal validation
External validation
Issue Date28-Apr-2010
CitationJournal of Hazardous Materials 180 : 648-655 (2010)
AbstractThe estimation of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) concentrations in ambient air is very important from an environmental point of view especially with the introduction of the Directive 2004/107/EC and due to the carcinogenic character of this pollutant. A sampling campaign of particulate matter less or equal than 10 microns (PM10) carried out during 2008-2009 in four locations of Spain was collected to determine experimentally BaP concentrations by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry (GC/MS/MS). Multivariate linear regression models (MLRM) were used to predict BaP air concentrations in two sampling places, taking PM10 and meteorological variables as possible predictors. The model obtained with data from two sampling sites (all sites model) (R2=0.817, PRESS/SSY=0.183) included the significant variables like PM10, temperature, solar radiation and wind speed and was internally and externally validated. The first validation was performed by cross validation and the last one by BaP concentrations from previous campaigns carried out in Zaragoza from 2001-2004. The proposed model constitutes a first approximation to estimate BaP concentrations in urban atmospheres with very good internal prediction (Q2CV=0.813, PRESS/SSY=0.187) and with the maximal external prediction for the 2001-2002 campaign (Q2ext=0.679 and PRESS/SSY=0.321) versus the 2001-2004 campaign (Q2ext=0.551, PRESS/SSY=0.449).
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.04.085
Appears in Collections:(ICB) Artículos
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