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Title

Determination of 10-hydroxystearic, 10-ketostearic, 8-hydroxypalmitic, and 8-ketopalmitic acids in milk fat by solid-phase extraction plus gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

AuthorsMárquez Ruiz, Gloria ; Rodríguez-Pino, Valle ; Fuente, Miguel Ángel de la
Issue Date2011
PublisherElsevier
CitationJournal of Dairy Science 94: 4810- 4819 (2011)
AbstractFatty acids (FA) bearing oxygenated functions and present in esterified form in triacylglycerols are widespread in nature but very little is known about their occurrence in dairy products. A method based on gas chromatography (with flame ionization detector and mass spectrometry detectors), including the previous isolation of polar FA methyl esters by solid-phase extraction, was applied to quantify oxygenated FA in milk fat. Samples obtained from ewes and goats fed with a variety of oil sources were studied. Fatty acids identified were 8-ketopalmitic, 8-hydroxypalmitic, 10-ketostearic, and mainly 10-hydroxystearic acids. The highest levels of 10-ketostearic acid were obtained in milk from animals fed olive oil (up to 1.5%) and from those fed long-chain n-3 FA-enriched diets (0.5-1.0%). In all samples, 10-hydroxystearic acid, not reported so far in milk, was the second most abundant oxygenated FA (up to 0.8%). The high correlation obtained between contents of 10-ketostearic and 10-hydroxystearic acids would confirm the existence of a common pathway of formation in the rumen, whereas the presence of 8-ketopalmitate and 8-hydroxypalmitate could be putatively attributed to mechanisms of β-oxidation in the tissues. The influence of cis-9 C18:1 and trans-10 C18:1 as precursors of these compounds in milk and the metabolic pathways involved in their formation are discussed. © 2011 American Dairy Science Association.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/62264
DOI10.3168/jds.2011-4424
Identifiersdoi: 10.3168/jds.2011-4424
issn: 0022-0302
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