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Open Access item Using a second-order polynomial model to determine the optimum vinasse/grape marc ratio for in-vessel composting

Authors:Díaz Blanco, M. J.
Madejón, Engracia
Cabrera, Francisco
Bertoldi, M. de
Issue Date:2004
Publisher:JG Press Inc
Citation:Compost Science and Utilization 12: 273- 279 (2004)
Abstract:This paper evaluates the influence of operating conditions (pH, Kjeldahl-N losses, NO3 --N, NO4 +-N, C/N ratio and biodegradation) used in the vinasse /grape marc incubation on the properties of products obtained to determine the best incubation conditions (time and amount of vinasse proportion) to aid in the design of an in-vessel composting system. A second-order polynomial model consisting of two independent process variables was found to accurately describe, with <10% differences between experimental values and model prediction, the vinasse-grape marc incubation. The dependent variables measured were pH, Kjeldahl-N losses, NO3--N, NO4 +-N, C/N ratio and biodegradation and the independent process variables were operation time and amount of vinasse. Results determined products with acceptable chemical properties, high biodegradation and germination index and minimum Kjeldahl-N losses entails operating at medium-to-short operation time (20-35 days) and medium-to-low vinasse percentages (0-20%).
Identifiers:issn: 1065-657X
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos

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