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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/60482
Title: Well-posedness of formulations of the Einstein equations with dynamical lapse and shift conditions
Authors: Gundlach, C.; Martín-García, José María
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: American Physical Society
Citation: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 74: 024016 (2006)
Abstract: We prove that when the equations are restricted to the principal part the standard version of the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura (BSSN) formulation of the Einstein equations is equivalent to the Nagy-Ortiz-Reula (NOR) formulation for any gauge, and that the Kidder-Scheel-Teukolsky (KST) formulation is equivalent to NOR for a variety of gauges. We review a family of elliptic gauge conditions and the implicit parabolic and hyperbolic drivers that can be derived from them, and show how to make them symmetry-seeking. We investigate the hyperbolicity of Arnowitt-Deser-Misner (ADM), NOR, and BSSN with implicit hyperbolic lapse and shift drivers. We show that BSSN with the coordinate drivers used in recent >moving puncture> binary black hole evolutions is ill-posed at large shifts, and suggest how to make it strongly hyperbolic for arbitrary shifts. For ADM, NOR, and BSSN with elliptic and parabolic gauge conditions, which cannot be hyperbolic, we investigate a necessary condition for well-posedness of the initial-value problem. © 2006 The American Physical Society.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/60482
Identifiers: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.74.024016
issn: 1550-7998
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.74.024016
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