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Closed Access item Differential adhesiveness and neurite-promoting activity for neural cells of chitosan, gelatin, and poly-l-lysine films
|Citation:||Journal of Biomaterials Applications 26: 791- 809 (2012)|
|Abstract:||Chitosan (Ch) and some of its derivatives have been proposed as good biomaterials for tissue engineering, to construct scaffolds promoting tissue regeneration. In this work we made composite films from Ch and mixtures of Ch with gelatin (G) and poly-l-lysine (PLL), and evaluated the growth on these films of PC12 and C6 lines as well as neurons and glial cells derived from cerebral tissue and dorsal root ganglia (DRG). C6 glioma cells proliferated on Ch, G, and Ch-+-G films, although metabolic activity was decreased by the presence of the G in the mixtures. NGF-differentiated PC12 cells, adhered preferentially on Ch and films containing PLL. Unlike NGF-treated PC12 cells, cortical and hippocampal neurons showed good adhesion to Ch and Ch-+-G films, where they extended neurites. Astrocytes adhered on Ch, Ch-+-G, and Ch-+-PLL mixtures, although viability decreased during the culture time. Olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC) adhered and proliferated to confluency on the wells covered with Ch-+-G films. Neurites from DRGs exhibited high extension on these films. These results demonstrate that Ch-+-G films have excellent adhesive properties for both neurons and regeneration-promoting glia (OEC). These films also promoted neurite extension from DRG, making them good candidates for tissue engineering of nerve repair. © The Author(s), 2010.|
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