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"In situ" amendments and revegetation reduce trace element leaching in a contaminated soil

AuthorsPérez de Mora, Alfredo ; Burgos, Pilar ; Cabrera, Francisco ; Madejón, Engracia
Issue Date2007
CitationWater, Air, and Soil Pollution 185(1-4): 209-222 (2007)
AbstractVarious amendments and/or a plant cover (Agrostis stolonifera L.) were assessed for their potential to reduce trace element leaching in a contaminated soil under semi-arid conditions. The experiment was carried out in field containers and lasted 30 months. Five treatments with amendments (leonardite (LEO), litter (LIT), municipal waste compost (MWC), biosolid compost (BC) and sugar beet lime (SL)) and a plant cover and two controls (control without amendment but with plant (CTRP) and control without amendment and without plant (CTR)) were established. Drainage volumes were measured after each precipitation event and aliquots were analysed for pH, electrical conductivity (EC) and trace element concentrations (As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn). Soil pH and trace element extractability (0.01 M CaCl2) at three different depths (0-10, 10-20 and 20-30 cm) were measured at the end of the experiment. Incorporation of amendments reduced leaching of Cd, Cu and Zn between 40-70% in comparison to untreated soil. The most effective amendments were SL, BC and MWC. At the end of the experiment, extractable concentrations of Cd, Cu and Zn were generally lower in all amended soils and CTRP compared to CTR. Soil pH decreased and extractability of metals increased in all treatments in relation to depth. Results showed that use of these amendments combined with healthy and sustainable plant cover might be a reliable option for >in situ> stabilization of trace elements in moderately contaminated soils.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s11270-007-9443-8
issn: 0049-6979
e-issn: 1573-2932
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