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Closed Access item Phloroglucinol: Antioxidant properties and effects on cellular oxidative markers in human HepG2 cell line

Authors:Quéguineur, B.
Goya, Luis
Ramos, Sonia
Martín, M. Angeles
Mateos, Raquel
Bravo, Laura
Issue Date:2012
Citation:Food and Chemical Toxicology 50: 2886- 2893 (2012)
Abstract:Phloroglucinol is an ubiquitous secondary metabolite encountered in a free state or polymerised as phlorotannins in brown macroalgae, and present in higher plants. FRAP and TEAC assays measured the antioxidant properties of phloroglucinol in non-biological conditions. Additionally, the biological effects of phloroglucinol (4-400 μM) were scrutinised using cellular oxidative stress markers, such as the generation of ROS, antioxidant defences (concentration of GSH and activities of GPx, GR and GST), and levels of MDA as a marker for lipid peroxidation. The direct effect was assessed immediately after an incubation period, whereas for the protective effect, the incubation period was followed by 3-h treatment with the pro-oxidant t-BOOH. The results indicated that despite having a higher radical scavenging capacity than Trolox after 30. min, phloroglucinol was not a suitable antioxidant standard for phlorotannins. Regarding the biological effects, phloroglucinol had no impact on cell viability, reduced levels of ROS and increased antioxidant defences in the direct treatment for most concentrations. The results of the protective effect were mitigated as phloroglucinol failed to protect from ROS generation but evoked a significant recovery of the stress-altered cellular antioxidant defences to restful conditions. Additionally, MDA levels were greatly reduced, preventing a radical chain oxidation. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Identifiers:doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2012.05.026
issn: 0278-6915
Appears in Collections:(ICTAN) Artículos

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