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Título : "Back to Europe", a migration metaphor
Autor : Cebrián, Juan A.
Palabras clave : Current international migrations
Immigration demographics in Europe
Economic migrations
Labor markets
Immigration policies
Fecha de publicación : 2011
Resumen: In 1995, the countries of the European Union (EU15)1 were populated by 379.5 million inhabitants; out of them 22.8 million were foreigners –6% of the total population. On January 1, 2008, the number of foreigners living within EU15’s borders surpassed 29 millions, roughly 7.4% of the total population of the fifteen EU-core countries. In absolute terms, the countries with the greatest number of foreign residents were Germany (7.3 millions), Spain (5.3 millions), the United Kingdom (4.0 millions), France (3.7 millions), and Italy (3.4 millions). More than 75% of the foreign citizens in the EU27 (see figure 1) lived in these member states2.
In no country of the European Union, with the exception of Latvia, has the number of foreign residents decreased during the 1995-2008 period. In some countries the growth of the number of foreign residents has been spectacular. The rise in Spain has been outstanding: it started in ninth place and is now second only to Germany in absolute numbers. In relative terms, Spain’s immigrant population is much more significant –all of the countries having an greater immigrant density than Spain are small countries, region size, with populations less than 10 million..
This article describes, grosso modo, this immigration process and analyses its causes, as well as its effects in the European culture and civilization.
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