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Mannose receptor may be involved in small ruminant lentivirus pathogenesis

AuthorsCrespo, Helena ; Jáuregui, Paula ; Glaria, Idoia ; Sanjosé, Leticia ; Polledo, Laura ; García-Marín, Juan F.; Luján, Lluís; Andrés, Damián F. de ; Amorena Zabalza, Beatriz ; Reina, Ramsés
Issue Date16-May-2012
PublisherBioMed Central
CitationVeterinary Research 43(1): 43 (2012)
AbstractThirty-one sheep naturally infected with small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLV) of known genotype (A or B), and clinically affected with neurological disease, pneumonia or arthritis were used to analyse mannose receptor (MR) expression (transcript levels) and proviral load in virus target tissues (lung, mammary gland, CNS and carpal joints). Control sheep were SRLV-seropositive asymptomatic (n = 3), seronegative (n = 3) or with chronic listeriosis, pseudotuberculosis or parasitic cysts (n = 1 in each case). MR expression and proviral load increased with the severity of lesions in most analyzed organs of the SRLV infected sheep and was detected in the affected tissue involved in the corresponding clinical disease (CNS, lung and carpal joint in neurological disease, pneumonia and arthritis animal groups, respectively). The increased MR expression appeared to be SRLV specific and may have a role in lentiviral pathogenesis.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1297-9716-43-43
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