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Open Access item Dasatinib as a bone-modifying agent: Anabolic and anti-resorptive effects

Authors:Garcia-Gomez, Antonio
Ocio, Enrique M.
Crusoe, Edvan
Santamaría, Carlos
Sánchez-Guijo, Fermín M.
Hernández, Teresa
Pandiella, Atanasio
San Miguel, Jesús F.
Garayoa, Mercedes
Issue Date:2012
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Citation:PLoS ONE 7(4): e34914 (2012)
Abstract:[Background]: Bone loss, in malignant or non-malignant diseases, is caused by increased osteoclast resorption and/or reduced osteoblast bone formation, and is commonly associated with skeletal complications. Thus, there is a need to identify new agents capable of influencing bone remodeling. We aimed to further pre-clinically evaluate the effects of dasatinib (BMS-354825), a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, on osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation and function. [Methods]: For studies on osteoblasts, primary human bone marrow mensenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) together with the hMSC-TERT and the MG-63 cell lines were employed. Osteoclasts were generated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of healthy volunteers. Skeletally-immature CD1 mice were used in the in vivo model. [Results]: Dasatinib inhibited the platelet derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFR-β), c-Src and c-Kit phosphorylation in hMSC-TERT and MG-63 cell lines, which was associated with decreased cell proliferation and activation of canonical Wnt signaling. Treatment of MSCs from healthy donors, but also from multiple myeloma patients with low doses of dasatinib (2-5 nM), promoted its osteogenic differentiation and matrix mineralization. The bone anabolic effect of dasatinib was also observed in vivo by targeting endogenous osteoprogenitors, as assessed by elevated serum levels of bone formation markers, and increased trabecular microarchitecture and number of osteoblast-like cells. By in vitro exposure of hemopoietic progenitors to a similar range of dasatinib concentrations (1-2 nM), novel biological sequelae relative to inhibition of osteoclast formation and resorptive function were identified, including F-actin ring disruption, reduced levels of c-Fos and of nuclear factor of activated T cells 1 (NFATc1) in the nucleus, together with lowered cathepsin K, αVβ3 integrin and CCR1 expression. [Conclusions]: Low dasatinib concentrations show convergent bone anabolic and reduced bone resorption effects, which suggests its potential use for the treatment of bone diseases such as osteoporosis, osteolytic bone metastasis and myeloma bone disease. © 2012 Garcia-Gomez et al.
Description:This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.-- et al.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10261/60019
Identifiers:doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034914
issn: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:(IBMCC) Artículos

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