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Título : Olive oil-in-water emulsions stabilized with caseinate: elucidation of protein-lipid interactions by infrared spectroscopy
Autor : Herrero, Ana M., Carmona, Pedro, Pintado, T., Jiménez Colmenero, Francisco, Ruiz-Capillas, C.
Fecha de publicación : 2011
Editor: Elsevier
Resumen: This paper reports a FT-IR study for probing lipid and protein structural changes and their interactions in various oil-in-wateremulsions. Two different emulsions were prepared using sodium caseinate, as stabilizer system, without and with microbial transglutaminase (MTG), denominated E/SC and E/SC + MTG respectively. Proximate composition, fat and water binding properties and textural characteristics were also evaluated in the emulsions. Penetration force and gel strength values were used to distinguish different (P < 0.05) textural behaviours depending on the formulation of emulsifying system. E/SC + MTG emulsion showed gel textural behaviour while E/SC lack of this property. The spectral results showed frequency upshifting of the amide I band in going from protein stabilizer systems isolate (the solution used as reference) to their corresponding emulsions, what is attributable to greater protein structural order upon emulsion formation. Enzymatic action of MTG in the sodium caseinate stabilizing system induces structural changes, in terms of lipid chain disorder or lipid–proteininteractions and protein secondary modifications, which may reflect the formation of a gel structure in the emulsion. These results could help to choose the stabilizing system that is most suitable and effective for its use in the formulation of food products.
Identificadores: doi: 10.1016/j.foodhyd.2010.04.014
issn: 0268-005X
Citación : Food Hydrocolloids 25: 12- 18 (2011)
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