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Protection against Fas-induced liver apoptosis in transgenic mice expressing cyclooxygenase 2 in hepatocytes

AuthorsCasado, Marta ; Mollá, Belén ; Roy, Rosa; Fernández-Martínez, Amalia; Cucarella, Carme ; Mayoral, Rafael ; Boscá, Lisardo ; Martín-Sanz, Paloma
Issue Date26-Feb-2007
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationHepatology 45(3): 631-638 (2007)
AbstractCyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is upregulated in many cancers, and the prostanoids synthesized increase proliferation, improve angiogenesis, and inhibit apoptosis in several tissues. To explore the function of COX-2 in liver, transgenic (Tg) mice were generated containing a fusion gene (LIVhCOX-2) consisting of human COX-2 cDNA under the control of the human ApoE promoter. Six lines were developed; all of them expressed the LIVhCOX-2 transgene selectively in hepatocytes. The Tg mice exhibited a normal phenotype, and the increased levels of PGE2 found were due to the constitutively expressed COX-2. Histological analysis of different tissues and macroscopic examination of the liver showed no differences between wild-type (Wt) and Tg animals. However, Tg animals were resistant to Fas-mediated liver injury, as demonstrated by low levels of plasmatic aminotransferases, a lesser caspase-3 activation, and Bax levels and an increase in Bcl-2, Mcl-1, and xIAP proteins, when compared with the Wt animals. Moreover, the resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis is suppressed in the presence of COX-2-selective inhibitors, which prevented prostaglandin accumulation in the liver of Tg mice. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that expression of COX-2-dependent prostaglandins exerted a protection against liver apoptosis
DescriptionThe definitive version is available at http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/114130115/abstract
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.21556
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