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Activation of diacetyl/acetoin pathway in Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis biovar diacetylactis CRL264 by acidic growth

AuthorsGarcía-Quintáns, Nieves; Repizo, Guillermo D.; Martín, Mauricio; Magni, C.; López, Paloma
Issue DateApr-2008
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationApplied and Environmental Microbiology 74(7): 1988–1996 (2008)
AbstractLactococcus lactis subsp. lactis bv. diacetylactis strains are aroma-producing organisms used in starter cultures for the elaboration of dairy products. This species is essentially a fermentative microorganism, which cometabolizes glucose and citrate to yield aroma compounds through the diacetyl/acetoin biosynthetic pathway. Our previous results have shown that under acidic growth Lactococcus bv. diacetylactis CRL264 expresses coordinately the genes responsible for citrate transport and its conversion into pyruvate. In the present work the impact of acidic growth on glucose, citrate, and pyruvate metabolism of Lactococcus bv. diacetylactis CRL264 has been investigated by proteomic analysis. The results indicated that acid growth triggers the conversion of citrate, but not glucose, into α-acetolactate via pyruvate. Moreover, they showed that low pH has no influence on levels of lactate dehydrogenase and pyruvate dehydrogenase. Therefore, the influence of external pH on regulation of the diacetyl/acetoin biosynthetic pathway in Lactococcus bv. diacetylactis CRL264 has been analyzed at the transcriptional level. Expression of the als, aldB, aldC, and butBA genes encoding the enzymes involved in conversion of pyruvate into aroma compounds has been investigated by primer extension, reverse transcription-PCR analysis, and transcriptional fusions. The results support that this biosynthetic pathway is induced at the transcriptional level by acidic growth conditions, presumably contributing to lactococcal pH homeostasis by synthesis of neutral compounds and by decreasing levels of pyruvate
Description9 páginas, 6 figuras, 2 tablas -- PAGS nros. 1988-1996
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/​AEM.01851-07
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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