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Immunogenicity of HSP-70, KMP-11 and PFR-2 leishmanial antigens in the experimental model of canine visceral leishmaniasis

AuthorsCarrillo, Eugenia ; Crusat, Martín; Nieto, Javier; Chicharro, Carmen ; Thomas, María del Carmen; Martínez, Enrique; Valladares, Basilio; Cañavate, Carmen; Requena, José María ; López, Manuel Carlos; Alvar, Jorge; Moreno, Javier
Issue Date28-Mar-2008
CitationVaccine 26(15): 1902-1911(2008)
AbstractZoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL) is a parasitic disease caused by Leishmania infantum/L. chagasi that is emerging as an important medical and veterinary problem. Dogs are the domestic reservoir for this parasite and, therefore, the main target for controlling the transmission to humans. In the present work, we have evaluated the immunogenicity of the Leishmania infantum heat shock protein (HSP)-70, paraflagellar rod protein (PFR)-2 and kinetoplastida membrane protein (KMP)-11 recombinant proteins in dogs experimentally infected with the parasite. We have shown that peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from experimentally infected dogs proliferated in response to these recombinant antigens and against the soluble leishmanial antigen (SLA). We have also quantified the mRNA expression level of the cytokines induced in PBMC upon stimulation with the HSP-70, PFR-2 and KMP-11 proteins. These recombinant proteins induced an up-regulation of IFN-γ. HSP-70 and PFR-2 also produced an increase of the TNF-α transcripts abundance. No measurable induction of IL-10 was observed and low levels of IL-4 mRNA were produced in response to the three mentioned recombinant antigens. Serum levels of specific antibodies against HSP-70, PFR-2 and KMP-11 recombinant proteins were also determined in these animals. Our study showed that HSP-70, KMP-11 and PFR-2 proteins are recognized by infected canines. Furthermore, these antigens produce a Th1-type immune response, suggesting that they may be involved in protection. The identification as vaccine candidates of Leishmania antigens that elicit appropriate immune responses in the canine model is a key step in the rational approach to generate a vaccine for canine visceral leishmaniasis
Description10 páginas, 4 figuras -- PAGS nros. 1902-1911
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.01.042
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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