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Title

Adaptation or exaptation? An experimental test of hypotheses on the origin of salinity tolerance in Bufo calamita.

AuthorsGómez-Mestre, Iván ; Tejedo, Miguel
Issue Date2005
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationJournal of Evolutionary Biology 18: 847-855 (2005)
AbstractThe natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) shows variation in embryonic and larval salinity tolerance across populations in southern Spain. However, its aquatic/terrestrial biphasic life cycle, together with remarkable differences in salinity tolerance between Spanish and UK freshwater populations suggest an alternative hypothesis to local adaptation. Drought resistance during the terrestrial phase and salinity tolerance during the aquatic phase are both related to osmotic stress tolerance, and if there were an association between them, one could have evolved as an exaptation from the other. To test such an association, we reared B. calamita juveniles from three populations known to differ genetically in their salinity tolerance, under either dry or humid conditions. Drought decreased growth rate, enhanced burying behaviour, and decreased foraging activity and efficiency. No significant population x treatment interaction was found for any variable, i.e. populations were equally affected by drought. These results do not support the hypothesis of a genetic association between salinity and drought tolerance.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/57433
DOI10.1111/j.1420-9101.2004.00878.x
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2004.00878.x
issn: 1010-061X
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