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Closed Access item XPS characterization of surface modified titanium alloys for use as biomaterials

Authors:López, M. F.
Jiménez, José Antonio
Gutiérrez, A.
Keywords:Titanium alloys, Oxidation, XPS, Surface
Issue Date:2011
Citation:Vacuum 85(12) : 1076-1079 (2011)
Abstract:Three different Ti alloys of biomedical interest have been studied by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to determine their surface chemical composition in both as-received condition and after oxidation at 750 °C in air for different times. Compositions of the investigated alloys were, in wt.%, Ti–7Nb–6Al, Ti–13Nb–13Zr and Ti–15Zr–4Nb. XPS analyses showed a behaviour of the Ti–7Nb–6Al alloy different from that of the two TiNbZr alloys, evidencing the role of the chemical composition of the alloys on the oxidation mechanisms. The oxidation process generates an aluminium-oxide rich surface on the Ti–7Nb–6Al, while in the case of the TiNbZr alloys a titanium-oxide rich layer is formed. The effect of the heat treatment on the contribution of the minority elements at the surface is also discussed.
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2011.03.006
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