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Closed Access item Genetic procedures for identification of enterotoxigenic strains of Staphylococcus aureus from three food poisoning outbreaks

Authors:Martín, M. Cruz
Fueyo Mendoza, José María
González-Hevia, M. A.
Mendoza, M. Carmen
Keywords:Staphylococcus aureus, Enterotoxins, Food poisoning, Outbreaks, PCR, DNA fingerprinting
Issue Date:Aug-2004
Citation:International Journal of Food Microbiology 94, 3: 279-286 (2004).
Abstract:Three food poisoning restaurant outbreaks due to Staphylococcus aureus, occurring during June–October 2002 in the Principality of Asturias (PA), Spain, provided the basis for investigating some aspects of the molecular epidemiology of this organism. The methods applied to identify strains and lineages included multiplex-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect nine enterotoxin (se) genes, and three DNA fingerprinting procedures: pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) with SmaI, randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) with two selected primers, and plasmid restriction analysis with HindIII. Thirty-two isolates were differentiated into three non-se and 12 se strains, which were outbreak-specific, except for one that was represented in two of the outbreaks. In outbreak 1, the 16 food isolates analyzed had sec, seg and sei genes and generated a distinctive DNA fingerprint, being assigned to a single strain. This strain could be categorized as endemic in the PA and associated to manually handled dairy products and nasal carriers. In outbreak 2, the four food isolates analyzed fell into three strains, each one displaying a different se-gene profile (sea, sec and seg-seh-sei) and a distinctive DNA fingerprint. In outbreak 3, the five food isolates tested fell into four seg-sei strains generating identical RAPD but different PFGE and plasmid profiles, and one sea strain also collected from two nasal carriers. This last strain had also been found in manually handled vegetables in outbreak 2, and it belongs to a not very frequently found sea lineage in the PA. Multiplex-PCR to detect se genes together with the three applied DNA fingerprint typing procedures proved therefore to be useful tools in subclassifying S. aureus for epidemiological purposes.
Description:Final full-text version of the paper available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2004.01.011.
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