Digital.CSIC > Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos > Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos y Nutrición (ICTAN) > (ICTAN) Artículos >




Open Access item Five year trends on total and abdominal adiposity in Spanish adolescents

Other Titles:Tendencias durante cinco años en la grasa total y abdominal en adolescentes españoles
Authors:Moreno, Luis A.
Moliner Urdiales, D.
Ruiz, J. R.
Mesana, M. I.
Vicente-Rodríguez, G.
Rodríguez, G.
Fleta, J.
León, J. F.
García-Fuentes, Miguel
Castillo, M. J.
González Gross, M.
Marcos, Ascensión
Keywords:Abdominal fat, Adiposity, Adolescence, Body fat percentage, Secular trends, Grasa abdominal, Adiposidad, Adolescencia, Porcentaje de grasa corporal, Tendencias seculares.
Issue Date:2012
Publisher:Aula Médica Ediciones
Citation:Nutricion Hospitalaria 27:731-738 (2012)
Abstract:Objective: To assess five years trends in total and abdominal fat in Spanish adolescents. Design: Two cross-sectional studies: adolescents from the city of Zaragoza (Spain) assessed during 2001-2002 and 2006-2007. Subjects: 399 adolescents in 2001-02 and 392 adolescents in 2006-07. Main outcome measurements: Socio-economic status was assessed using the education level of both parents. A complete anthropometric assessment was performed in both surveys using the same methodology: weight, height, skinfold thickness (biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac, thigh and calf) and circumferences (waist and hip). The body mass index (BMI) and the sum of 6 skinfold thicknesses were calculated. Body fat percentage (BF%) was also calculated by the formulas described by Slaughter et al. Results: After adjusting for age and pubertal status, only females showed a significantly decrease in weight, BMI and waist circumference, and a significant increase in the sum of 6 skinfolds (all P < 0.05 and Cohen’s d ≥ 0.25) in 2006-2007, when compared to values obtained in 2001-2002. Males did not show any significant change between the two surveys. Concerning centile values, a slight general reduction was observed in weight, BMI and waist circumference for both males and females. On the contrary, the sum of 6 skinfolds and the BF% were higher in 2006-2007 than in 2001-2002. Conclusion: According to these results, there might be a levelling-off in the trends of BMI, BF% and waist circumference in male adolescents from Zaragoza. In females, despite a trend towards higher body fat mass, there was a trend towards lower BMI and waist circumference values.
Description:8 páginas, 2 figuras, 2 tablas
Publisher version (URL):http://www.nutricionhospitalaria.com/pdf/5726.pdf
Appears in Collections:(ICTAN) Artículos

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.