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Cloning and analysis of expression of a gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) Mx cDNA

AuthorsTafalla, Carolina; Aranguren, Raquel ; Secombes, Christopher J.; Figueras Huerta, Antonio ; Novoa, Beatriz
Sea bream
Sparus aurata
Poly I:C
SAF-1 cell line
Issue Date2004
CitationFish and Shellfish Immunology 16(1): 11-24 (2004)
AbstractIn the current work, we have cloned and sequenced the full cDNA for aMx protein in the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) by RACE PCR. The Mx cDNA of 2182 bp contained an open reading frame of 1857 bp that codes for a protein of 618 aa. Within the coding sequence, characteristic features of Mx proteins were found, such as a tripartite guanosine-5#-triphosphate (GTP)-binding motif (GXXXSGKS/T, DXXG and T/NKXD), the signature of the dynamin family, LPRG(S/K)GIVTR, and a sequence that codes for a leucine zipper at the C-terminal region of the protein. An RT–PCR was optimised to estimate the level of expression of Mx protein in sea bream. Through this method we determined that Mx is constitutively expressed in head kidney, liver, spleen, heart, gills, muscle and brain of healthy sea bream. Intramuscular challenge of sea bream with polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (Poly I:C) up-regulated Mx expression in liver, head kidney, spleen and muscle. Constitutive expression was also found in isolated head kidney macrophages and blood leukocytes. This expression was significantly up-regulated by addition of Poly I:C. Mx was not constitutively expressed in the sea bream established cell line, SAF-1, but Poly I:C and nodavirus were also capable of inducing Mx expression in this cell line.
Description14 páginas, 6 figuras, 2 tablas
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1050-4648(03)00010-X
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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