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Effects of different dietary oils on inflammatory mediator generation and fatty acid composition in rat neutrophils

AuthorsPuerta, Rocío de la; Martínez-Domínguez, E.; Perona, Javier S. ; Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Valentina
KeywordsAnimal cell
Cell isolation
Diet supplementation
Enzyme release
Lipid composition
Issue DateJan-2004
CitationMetabolism 53(1): 59-65 (2004)
AbstractVirgin olive oil (VOO) compared with fish oil (FO) and evening primrose oil (PO) on the ability of stimulated leukocytes to produce inflammatory mediators was investigated in rats. Weaned Wistar rats were fed a basal diet (BD) (2% by weight of corn oil) or diets containing 15% by weight of VOO, PO, or FO. After 8 weeks, glycogen-elicited peritoneal polymorphonuclear leukocytes, mainly neutrophils, were isolated. The calcium-ionophore stimulated neutrophils (2.5 x 10(6) cells/mL) obtained from rats fed the different oils produced a higher release of lysosomal enzymes (beta-glucuronidase, lysozyme, and myeloperoxidase [MPO]) compared with those fed BD. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in response to the stimulant, 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), by neutrophils from the VOO group (15.44 nmol of O(2)(-) and 6.56 nmol of H(2)O(2)) was similar to the BD group (12.01 nmol O(2)(-) and 8.49 nmol H(2)O(2)) and significantly lower than the PO (20.90 nmol O(2)(-) and 10.84 nmol H(2)O(2)) and FO (20.93 nmol O(2)(-) and 12.79 nmol H(2)O(2)) groups. The cyclooxygenase-derived eicosanoid production was reduced by the lipid enrichment of the diets. Whereas the generation of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) was significantly decreased in VOO (5.40 ng/mL), PO (4.95 ng/mL), and FO (1.44 ng/mL) groups compared with BD (8.19 ng/mL), thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)) reduction was especially significant in neutrophils from the FO diet group (14.67 ng/mL compared with 26.69 ng/mL from BD). These experimental data suggest that FO and PO, as well as VOO, could be considered a valuable strategy in preventing the generation of some inflammatory mediators.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2003.08.010
ReferencesPMID: 14681843
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