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Effect of a Traditional Mediterranean Diet on Lipoprotein Oxidation A Randomized Controlled Trial
|Authors:||Fitó, Montserrat; Guxens, Mónica; Corella, Dolores; Sáez, Guillermo; Estruch, Ramón; Torre, Rafael de la; Francés, Francesc; Cabezas, Carmen; López-Sabater, Carmen; Marrugat, Jaume; García-Arellano, Ana; Arós, Fernando; Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Valentina ; Ros, Emilio; Salas-Salvadó, Jordi; Fiol, Miquel; Solá, Rosa; Covas, María Isabel|
|Publisher:||American Medical Association|
|Citation:||Archives of Internal Medicine 167(11): 1195-1203 (2007)|
|Abstract:||Background Despite the richness in antioxidants of the Mediterranean diet, to our knowledge, no randomized controlled trials have assessed its effect on in vivo lipoprotein oxidation. Methods A total of 372 subjects at high cardiovascular risk (210 women and 162 men; age range, 55-80 years), who were recruited into a large, multicenter, randomized, controlled, parallel-group clinical trial (the Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea [PREDIMED] Study) directed at testing the efficacy of the traditional Mediterranean diet (TMD) on the primary prevention of coronary heart disease, were assigned to a low-fat diet (n = 121) or one of 2 TMDs (TMD + virgin olive oil or TMD + nuts). The TMD participants received nutritional education and either free virgin olive oil for all the family (1 L/wk) or free nuts (30 g/d). Diets were ad libitum. Changes in oxidative stress markers were evaluated at 3 months. Results After the 3-month interventions, mean (95% confidence intervals) oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels decreased in the TMD + virgin olive oil (−10.6 U/L [−14.2 to −6.1]) and TMD + nuts (−7.3 U/L [−11.2 to −3.3]) groups, without changes in the low-fat diet group (−2.9 U/L [−7.3 to 1.5]). Change in oxidized LDL levels in the TMD + virgin olive oil group reached significance vs that of the low-fat group (P = .02). Malondialdehyde changes in mononuclear cells paralleled those of oxidized LDL. No changes in serum glutathione peroxidase activity were observed. Conclusions Individuals at high cardiovascular risk who improved their diet toward a TMD pattern showed significant reductions in cellular lipid levels and LDL oxidation. Results provide further evidence to recommend the TMD as a useful tool against risk factors for CHD.|
|Publisher version (URL):||http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=486851#Abstract|
|Appears in Collections:||(IG) Artículos|
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