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Facts and uncertainties about the genetic population structure of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) in the Mediterranean. Implications for fishery management.
|Authors:||Viñas, Jordi ; Gordoa, Ana ; Fernández-Cebrián, R.; Pla, Carles; Ünal, V.; Araguas, R. M.|
|Keywords:||Atlantic blueﬁn tuna|
Genetic population structure
|Citation:||Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 21(3) : 527-541 (2011)|
|Abstract:||The Atlantic blueﬁn tuna (Thunnus thynnus) is an extraordinary ﬁsh that has amazed humanity since ancient times. However, the continuous overexploitation of this ﬁshery, particularly in the Mediterranean Sea, could result in a total collapse of this resource. Currently, this species is managed as two stocks: Western Atlantic and Mediterranean-Eastern Atlantic, with a recognized genetic differentiation between them. On the other hand, the population structure within the Mediterranean Sea is still unclear. The biological data supports the idea of two separate populations in the eastern and western Mediterranean basins. However, nuclear microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analyses of two samples representative of these two basins result in a lack of heterogeneity. A comparison of these results with previously published studies reveals some discrepancies. We have compared 59 genetic differentiation tests that include samples within the Mediterranean. Of these, about 60% gave signiﬁcant differentiation while the remaining 40% were non-signiﬁcant. But, when only nuclear-based loci were considered, genetic differentiation was detected in up to 73% of the cases with an average signiﬁcant FST of only 0.018, whereas the average signiﬁcant FST of the mtDNA-based studies was signiﬁcantly higher (0.029). However, in some cases, it is difﬁcult to reconcile the biology of the species with the results suggesting genetic differentiation. In conclusion, although it is not yet possible to reach a deﬁnitive conclusion about the population structure, but considering all biological and genetic data, we suggest an independent management approach for each basin to avoid the impact of a type II error that could lead to the possible loss of the regional subpopulations.|
|Description:||15 páginas,4 tablas, 1 figura.|
|Publisher version (URL):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11160-010-9174-6|
|Appears in Collections:||(CEAB) Artículos|
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