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Title: Assessment of spat collector ropes in Galician mussel farming
Authors: Filgueira, Ramón; Peteiro, Laura G.; Labarta, Uxío; Fernández-Reiriz, María José
Keywords: Mytilus galloprovincialis
Artificial spat collector
Mussel farming
Settlement pattern
Recruitmen pattern
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Aquacultural Engineering 37(9): 195-201 (2007)
Abstract: The large amount of mussel seed required to support the present mussel farming production levels in Galicia (NW Spain) forces the development of new designs in artificial spat collectors for continual improvement of mussel seed gathering. In the present study, we have assessed both settlement and recruitment of Mytilus galloprovincialis on four different collector ropes in the Rı´a de Ares- Betanzos (Galicia). Besides the traditional collector ropes (lacing without loops and non-filamentous structure; NF-NL), three new rope designs with different lacing and structures were evaluated; ropes with a filamentous loop complement (F-L), ropes with a nonfilamentous loop complement (NF-L) and filamentous ropes without loops (F-NL). Ropes with loops showed higher settlement densities (53,925 4625 and 42,433 5525 indiv./m for F-L and NF-L, respectively) than ropes without loops (26,475 3875 and 13,033 1136 indiv./m for F-NL and NF-NL, respectively). This may be explained by the increase in available surface area provided by the loops. Several studies recognized the importance of filamentous substrata for mussel spat settlement, which may help to explain greater settlement densities on filamentous structures between ropes with the same lacing. In recruitment evaluation, ropes with filamentous loops showed the highest densities expressed in indiv./m (5493 587) as was the case of settlement. However, when density was expressed in kg/m, the ropes with non-filamentous loops had a higher yield (8.48 0.22 kg/m), that could be a result of differences in adjusted shell length between ropes. Intra-specific competition and predation were identified as important factors affecting post-settlement mortality. The latter factors could also influence population length distribution. Ropes with rigid loops (NF-L) may supply refuges for spat from predators and therefore, enhance the recruitment of larger individuals, although other factors like size selective settlement could play a significant role in this result.
Description: 7 páginas, 4 tablas, 3 figuras
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ISSN: 0144-8609
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaeng.2007.06.001
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