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dc.contributor.authorSalas-Salvadó, Jordi-
dc.contributor.authorBulló, Mònica-
dc.contributor.authorBabio, Nancy-
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-González, Miguel A.-
dc.contributor.authorIbarrola-Jurado, Nuria-
dc.contributor.authorBasora, Josep-
dc.contributor.authorEstruch, Ramón-
dc.contributor.authorCovas, María Isabel-
dc.contributor.authorCorella, Dolores-
dc.contributor.authorArós, Fernando-
dc.contributor.authorRuiz-Gutiérrez, Valentina-
dc.contributor.authorRos, Emilio-
dc.identifierdoi: 10.2337/dc10-1288-
dc.identifierissn: 0149-5992-
dc.identifiere-issn: 1935-5548-
dc.identifier.citationDiabetes Care 34(1): 14-19 (2011)-
dc.identifier.otherPMID: 20929998-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE - To test the effects of two Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) interventions versus a low-fat diet on incidence of diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - This was a three-arm randomized trial in 418 nondiabetic subjects aged 55-80 years recruited in one center (PREDIMED-Reus, northeastern Spain) of the Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea [PREDIMED] study, a large nutrition intervention trial for primary cardiovascular prevention in individuals at high cardiovascular risk. Participants were randomly assigned to education on a low-fat diet (control group) or to one of two MedDiets, supplemented with either free virgin olive oil (1 liter/week) or nuts (30 g/day). Diets were ad libitum, and no advice on physical activity was given. The main outcome was diabetes incidence diagnosed by the 2009 American Diabetes Association criteria. RESULTS - After a median follow-up of 4.0 years, diabetes incidence was 10.1% (95% CI 5.1-15.1), 11.0% (5.9 -16.1), and 17.9% (11.4 -24.4) in the MedDiet with olive oil group, the MedDiet with nuts group, and the control group, respectively. Multivariable adjusted hazard ratios of diabetes were 0.49 (0.25- 0.97) and 0.48 (0.24-0.96) in the MedDiet supplemented with olive oil and nuts groups, respectively, compared with the control group. When the two MedDiet groups were pooled and compared with the control group, diabetes incidence was reduced by 52% (27- 86). In all study arms, increased adherence to the MedDiet was inversely associated with diabetes incidence. Diabetes risk reduction occurred in the absence of significant changes in body weight or physical activity. CONCLUSIONS - MedDiets without calorie restriction seem to be effective in the prevention of diabetes in subjects at high cardiovascular risk. © 2011 by the American Diabetes Association.-
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded, in part, by the Spanish Ministry of Health (Instituto de Salud Carlos III) (projects PI051839, PI070240, PI1001407, G03/140, and RD06/0045), Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional, and the Public Health Division of the Department of Health of the Autonomous Government of Catalonia in collaboration with Merck Sharp & Dohme. The Fundación Patrimonio Comunal Olivarero and Hojiblanca SA (Málaga, Spain), California Walnut Commission (Sacramento, CA), Borges SA (Reus, Spain), and Morella Nuts SA (Reus, Spain) donated the olive oil, walnuts, almonds, and hazelnuts, respectively, used in the study.-
dc.publisherAmerican Diabetes Association-
dc.titleReduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with the mediterranean diet: Results of the PREDIMED-Reus nutrition intervention randomized trial-
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed-
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