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Coexistence of closed and open conformations of complement factor B in the alternative pathway C3bB(Mg2+) proconvertase

AuthorsTorreira, Eva ; Tortajada, Agustín ; Montes, Tamara ; Rodríguez de Córdoba, Santiago ; Llorca, Óscar
Issue Date1-Dec-2009
PublisherAmerican Association of Immunologists
CitationJournal of Immunology 183(11):7347-7351(2009)
AbstractComplement factor B (fB) circulates in plasma as a proenzyme that, upon binding to C3b in the presence of Mg2+, is cleaved by factor D to produce Ba and Bb fragments. Activated Bb remains bound to C3b organizing the alternative pathway C3 convertase (C3bBb). Recently, we have visualized the stable C3bB(Ni2+) proconvertase using electron microscopy, revealing a large conformational change of the C3b-bound fB likely exposing the fD-cleavage site. In contrast, the crystal structure of the proconvertase formed by human fB and the cobra venom factor reveals fB in the closed conformation of the proenzyme. In this study, we have used single-particle electron microscopy and image processing to examine the C3bB(Mg2+) proconvertase. We describe two C3bB(Mg2+) conformations, one resembling cobra venom factor, likely representing the loading state of fB to C3b, and another identical with C3bB(Ni2+). These data illustrate the coexistence of C3b-bound fB in closed and open conformations that either exist in equilibrium or represent structural transitions during the assembly of the C3bB proconvertase
Description5 páginas, 3 figuras -- PAGS nros. 7347-7351
Publisher version (URL)http:dx.doi.org/10.4049/​jimmunol.0902310
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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