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Title

A new high-performance liquid chromatographic method with evaporative light scattering detector for the analysis of phospholipids. Application to Iberian pig subcutaneous fat

AuthorsNarváez Rivas, Mónica ; Gallardo, Emerenciana ; Ríos Martín, José Julián ; León Camacho, Manuel
KeywordsIberian pig subcutaneous fat
Phospholipids
SPE
HPLC
Evaporative light scattering detector
HPLC-MS
Issue Date3-Jun-2011
PublisherElsevier
CitationJournal of Chromatography A 1218(22): 3453-3458 (2011)
AbstractA new method for the analysis of phospholipids by normal-phase HPLC is described using a silica column. Addition of ammonia and triethylamine to a gradient based on chloroform/methanol/water promoted a good and rapid separation of phospholipid classes (20min run). The use of an evaporative light scattering detector permitted an accurate analysis of a mixture of phospholipids. Calibration curves were linear within different range for each phospholipid class. The LOD and LOQ obtained were below 0.03 and 0.05mgkg-1 for all cases, respectively. Besides, a new method for the separation of phospholipids from total lipids before HPLC analysis by a solid-phase extraction (SPE) with Si cartridges has been developed. This methodology gave a good recovery ranging from 97 to 117%. The method was validated with a standard mixture of phospholipids. This method has been applied to characterize the phospholipid fraction of subcutaneous fat from Iberian pig. Cardiolipin, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylcholine, and sphingomyelin have been described for first time in these samples. The fatty acid composition of the different phospholipid classes and their HPLC electrospray ionization mass spectrometry have been used for characterizing the molecular species present in each one. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/53332
DOI10.1016/j.chroma.2011.03.067
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2011.03.067
issn: 0021-9673
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