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Analytical study of Roman and Arabic wall paintings in the Patio De Banderas of Reales Alcazares' Palace using non-destructive XRD/XRF and complementary techniques

AuthorsDurán, Adrián ; Pérez Rodríguez, José Luis; Jiménez de Haro, María del Carmen ; Franquelo, María Luisa; Robador, M.D
Issue Date2011
PublisherAcademic Press
CitationJournal of Archaeological Science 38: 2366-2377 (2011)
AbstractA portable XRD/XRF system and complementary laboratory techniques were employed to improve the knowledge of the procedures used to create Roman and Arabic wall paintings. Integrated physico-chemical investigations were conducted on fragments of artworks collected from the archaeological excavation of the Patio de Banderas in the Reales Alcazares' Palace of Seville (Spain), and a comparative study on the pigments from both historical periods was performed. As a result, pigments such as vermilion, red ochre, yellow ochre, green earth, Egyptian blue, carbon and phosphor-based black pigments were detected in Roman samples; however, in the Arabic fragments, only haematite was observed. In addition, the size and shape of the particles of the wall paintings were studied with an XRD 2-dimensional detector and SEM-EDX. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jas.2011.04.021
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