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Developing biological resource banks as a supporting tool for wildlife reproduction and conservation. The Iberian lynx bank as a model for other endangered species

AuthorsLeón-Quinto, Trinidad; Simón, Miguel A.; Cadenas, Rafael; Jones, Jonathan; Martínez-Hernández, Francisco J.; Moreno, Juan M.; Vargas, Astrid; Soria Escoms, Bernat
Conservation strategies
Threatened species
Iberian lynx
Biological Resource Bank
Issue DateJun-2009
CitationAnimal Reproduction Science 112(3-4): 347-361 (2009)
AbstractThis work presents a Biological Resource Bank generated as a complementary supporting tool for the reproduction and the in situ and ex situ conservation of the Iberian lynx. In its design we prioritized the preservation of a maximum of the current genetic and biological diversity of the population, and the harmless collection of the samples. To provide future reproductive opportunities through any possible technique, we processed and cryopreserved germinal cells and tissues from dead animals, 7 males and 6 females, as well as somatic cells and tissues from 69 different individuals. This somatic cell reserve reflects a very important fraction of the population biodiversity which, furthermore, will allow the development of a wide variety of studies that can be easily extrapolated to the majority of the population. We have developed a new non-destructive method to isolate cells with stem-cell-like properties. If considered convenient in the future, and after proper research, such cells could permit therapeutic applications and perhaps be a good source to be used in somatic cell nuclear transfer. Samples of whole blood and its derivatives, hairs, urine and feces from many different individuals were also preserved. Proper storage of such samples is required to allow epidemiological studies to be performed for the testing of different etiological hypotheses or, in general, to develop any bio-sanitary study to improve conservation strategies within the natural habitat. This work describes the main aspects involved in the practical implementation of the Iberian lynx Biological Resource Bank, as a model that could be useful for the development of similar banks for other endangered species. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2008.05.070
issn: 0378-4320
Appears in Collections:(CABIMER) Artículos
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