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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/52420
Title: Cell death induced by the application of alternating magnetic fields to nanoparticle-loaded dendritic cells
Authors: Marcos-Campos, I.; Torres, T. E.; Marquina, Clara; Ibarra, M. Ricardo
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Citation: Nanotechnology 22(20): 205101 (2011)
Abstract: In this work, the capability of primary, monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) to uptake iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) is assessed and a strategy to induce selective cell death in these MNP-loaded DCs using external alternating magnetic fields (AMFs) is reported. No significant decrease in the cell viability of MNP-loaded DCs, compared to the control samples, was observed after five days of culture. The number of MNPs incorporated into the cytoplasm was measured by magnetometry, which confirmed that 1-5pg of the particles were uploaded per cell. The intracellular distribution of these MNPs, assessed by transmission electron microscopy, was found to be primarily inside the endosomic structures. These cells were then subjected to an AMF for 30min and the viability of the blank DCs (i.e.without MNPs), which were used as control samples, remained essentially unaffected. However, a remarkable decrease of viability from approximately 90% to 2-5% of DCs previously loaded with MNPs was observed after the same 30min exposure to an AMF. The same results were obtained using MNPs having either positive (NH2 +) or negative (COOH-) surface functional groups. In spite of the massive cell death induced by application of AMF to MNP-loaded DCs, the number of incorporated magnetic particles did not raise the temperature of the cell culture. Clear morphological changes at the cell structure after magnetic field application were observed using scanning electron microscopy. Therefore, local damage produced by the MNPs could be the main mechanism for the selective cell death of MNP-loaded DCs under an AMF. Based on the ability of these cells to evade the reticuloendothelial system, these complexes combined with an AMF should be considered as a potentially powerful tool for tumour therapy. © 2011 IOP Publishing Ltd.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/52420
Identifiers: doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/20/205101
issn: 0957-4484
e-issn: 1361-6528
DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/20/205101
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