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Strain balanced epitaxial stacks of quantum dots and quantum posts

AuthorsAlonso-Álvarez, Diego ; Ripalda, José María ; Alén, Benito ; Llorens Montolio, José Manuel ; Rivera de Mena, Antonio ; Briones Fernández-Pola, Fernando
Issue Date23-Nov-2011
PublisherUnited Nations Industrial Development Organization
CitationAdvanced Materials 23(44): 5256-5261 (2011)
AbstractThe self assembly of quantum dots by heteroepitaxy of lattice-mismatched semiconductors is based on elastic energy relaxation, which spontaneously occurs at the growth front when the largest atoms in the crystal cluster together. Because a larger covalent radius is related to weaker bonds, and this is in turn fundamentally related to smaller bandgaps, the formation of quantum dots leads to a confinement potential for electrons and/or holes. This effect has applications ranging from ultralow threshold diode lasers to highly efficient solar cells and usually requires the stacking of multiple quantum dots. The number of layers is limited by the stress accumulated during growth due to the larger covalent radius of the atoms that constitute the quantum dots. This accumulated stress can be relieved by introducing in the epitaxial layers compensating atomic species with a smaller covalent radius, enabling a reduction of spacer layer thickness. In the limit of sub-nanometer spacer thickness, the quantum dots, which have a tendency to line up vertically, fuse into a quantum post. The current efforts to optimize the properties of strain balanced quantum dot stacks and quantum posts are reviewed. The stacking of self-assembled epitaxial quantum dots with sub-nanometer spacer layers leads to the formation of quasi-1D nanostructures or quantum posts (QP). Using a matrix material with a small lattice parameter for strain compensation, the length of the QPs can be increased upwards of 100 nm. The resulting anisotropic strain field favors the luminescence emitted with dominant transverse magnetic component in the [1-10] direction. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201101639
Identifiersissn: 0935-9648
Appears in Collections:(IMN-CNM) Artículos
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