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Open Access item Structural Characterization of the Lignin in the Cortex and Pith of Elephant Grass (Pennisetum purpureum) Stems

Authors:Río Andrade, José Carlos del
Prinsen, Pepijn
Rencoret, Jorge
Nieto, Lidia
Jiménez-Barbero, Jesús
Ralph, John
Martínez Ferrer, Ángel Tomás
Gutiérrez Suárez, Ana
Keywords:elephant grass, Pennisetum purpureum, cortex, pith, Py−GC/MS, TMAH, HSQC, DFRC, milled wood lignin, p-coumarate, ferulate, syringyl, guaiacyl
Issue Date:Mar-2012
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Citation:Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 60(14): 3619-3634 (2012)
Abstract:The structure of the lignin in the cortex and pith of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) stems was studied both in situ and in isolated milled gwood h lignins by several analytical methods. The presence of p-coumarate and ferulate in the cortex and pith, as well as in their isolated lignins, was revealed by pyrolysis in the presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide, and by 2D NMR, and indicated that ferulate acylates the carbohydrates while p-coumarate acylates the lignin polymer. 2D NMR showed a predominance of alkyl aryl ether (beta-O-4) linkages (82% of total interunit linkages), with low amounts of gcondensed h substructures, such as resinols (beta-beta), phenylcoumarans (beta-5), and spirodienones (beta-1). Moreover, the NMR also indicated that these lignins are extensively acylated at the gamma-carbon of the side chain. DFRC analyses confirmed that p-coumarate groups acylate the gamma-OHs of these lignins, and predominantly on syringyl units.
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf300099g
E-ISSNmetadata.dc.identifier.doi = DOI:1520-5118
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