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Detection of the early stage of recombinational DNA repair by silicon nanowire transistors

AuthorsChiesa, Marco ; Cardenas, P. P.; Otón, Francisco ; Martínez, Javier ; Mas Torrent, Marta ; García-Pérez, Fernando ; Alonso, Juan Carlos ; Rovira, Concepció ; García García, Ricardo
Issue Date2012
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationNano Letters 12(3): 1275-1281 (2012)
AbstractA silicon nanowire-based biosensor has been designed and applied for label-free and ultrasensitive detection of the early stage of recombinational DNA repair by RecA protein. Silicon nanowires transistors were fabricated by atomic force microscopy nanolithography and integrated into a microfluidic environment. The sensor operates by measuring the changes in the resistance of the nanowire as the biomolecular reactions proceed. We show that the nanoelectronic sensor can detect and differentiate several steps in the binding of RecA to a single-stranded DNA filament taking place on the nanowire-aqueous interface. We report relative changes in the resistance of 3.5% which are related to the interaction of 250 RecA·single-stranded DNA complexes. Spectroscopy data confirm the presence of the protein-DNA complexes on the functionalized silicon surfaces. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl2037547
Identifiersissn: 1530-6984
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