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dc.contributor.authorFlo Arcas, Eva-
dc.contributor.authorGarcés, Esther-
dc.contributor.authorManzanera, Marta-
dc.contributor.authorCamp, Jordi-
dc.identifier.citationEstuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 93 (4): 279-289 (2011)es_ES
dc.description11 pages, 7 figures, 3 tableses_ES
dc.description.abstractThe physicochemical and biological characteristics of coastal waters form a gradient extending from land to ocean. In the Mediterranean this gradient is particularly large, due to the sea’s weak tides. Within coastal waters, those waters in contact with land are called coastal inshore waters (CIW), defined herein as between 0 and 200 m from the shoreline. Here we present the first physicochemical and biological characterization of CIW of the NW Mediterranean Sea. This case study is based on 19 years of data collected from coastal inshore (CIW; 0–200 m), nearshore (CNW; 200–1500 m), and offshore (COW; >1500 m) waters of the Catalan coast. Analyses of these data showed that the physicochemical and biological characteristics of CIW differ significantly from those of CNW and COW due to: (1) significantly higher concentrations of dissolved inorganic nutrients (nitrate = 11.07 μM, nitrite = 0.52 μM, ammonium = 6.43 μM, phosphate = 0.92 μM, silicates = 5.99 μM) and chlorophyll-a (=2.42 μg/L) in CIW than in either CNW or COW (in some cases up to one order of magnitude); (2) a greater variability of dissolved inorganic nutrients and chlorophyll-a in CIW than in CNW and COW, and (3) the presence of a mostly urban population and the effects of river inflows as a primary source of CIW variability but with minimal impact on CNW or COW. In addition, the risk of eutrophication was found to be highest in CIW, placing human and environmental interests at greater risk than in the outermost coastal waters. The results highlight the importance of considering the distinctive physicochemical and biological properties of CIW in future coastal waters studies. This is of major importance in assessments of eutrophication and coastal water quality, not only to identify the pressure–impact relationships but also to allow the timely detection of local environmental problems and thus avoid endangering the unique communities of CIW and ensuring the sustainability of human activities. In conclusion, CIW characterization is essential to integrate coastal zone management.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by contract CTN0802809 between Agència Catalana de l’Aigua and CSIC. E.G.’s work was supported by a Ramon y Cajal grant from the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science.es_ES
dc.subjectChlorophyll aes_ES
dc.subjectCoastal waterses_ES
dc.subjectDissolved inorganic nutrientses_ES
dc.subjectLand usees_ES
dc.titleCoastal inshore waters in the NW Mediterranean: Physicochemical and biological characterization and management implicationses_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
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