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Open Access item Transition from oscillatory to excitable regime in a system forced at three times its natural frequency

Authors:Gallego, R.
Walgraef, Daniel
San Miguel, Maxi
Toral, Raúl
Issue Date:2001
Abstract:The effect of a temporal modulation at three times the critical frequency on a Hopf bifurcation is studied in the framework of amplitude equations. We consider a complex Ginzburg-Landau equation with an extra quadratic term, resulting from the strong coupling between the external field and the unstable modes. We show that, by increasing the intensity of the forcing, one passes from an oscillatory regime to an excitable one with three equivalent frequency locked states. In the oscillatory regime, topological defects are one-armed phase spirals, while in the excitable regime they correspond to three-armed excitable amplitude spirals. Analytical results show that the transition between these two regimes occurs at a critical value of the forcing intensity. The transition between phase and amplitude spirals is confirmed by numerical analysis and it might be observed in periodically forced reaction-diffusion systems.
Description:Texto completo: arXiv:nlin/0104059v2
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