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Characterization of type “B” esterases and hepatic CYP450 isoenzimes in Senegalese sole for their further application in monitoring studies

AuthorsSolé, Montserrat ; Vega, Sofia ; Varó, Inmaculada
Solea senegalensis
Fluorimetric substrates
Issue DateApr-2012
CitationEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety 78: 72-79 (2012)
AbstractIn fish, the role that cholinesterases (ChEs) play in tissues other than those implicated in neural activity, as well as the involvement of carboxylesterases (CbEs) and cytochrome P450 isoenzymes (CYPs) in drug metabolism needs investigation. For that, Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) specimens were selected for characterization of several type B esterases and hepatic CYPs in order to further use this fish as sentinel. ChEs (acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and pseudocholinesterases (butyrylcholinesterase-BuChE and propionilcholinesterase-PrChE)) and CbEs were measured in brain, plasma, kidney, liver, gonad, muscle and gills. Moreover, seven fluorimetric substrates were selected to study CYP related activities in fish liver. The results showed that AChE was the dominant ChE form in brain whereas pseudocholinesterases were absent in most tissues, as demonstrated by low enzymatic activities using specific substrates and the lack of inhibition by iso-OMPA. Plasma exhibited trace activities of all the esterases assayed and no BuChE activity. CbEs were dominant in liver, but they were also present in kidney and brain. For CbE determination, α-naphtyl acetate (αNA) was seen as the most adequate substrate as it displayed higher enzymatic activities and showed more in vitro sensitivity to the carbamate eserine and the organophosphate pesticide dichlorvos. Alkoxyresorufin-O-dealkylase (EROD and BFCOD) activities, indicative in mammals of CYP1A and CYP3A subfamilies, respectively, were the highest microsomal CYP-related activities in liver. The results of this preliminary work allow us to select the most adequate esterase substrate, tissue and hepatic CYP substrate for further monitoring studies
Description8 pages, 3 figures, 2 tables
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2011.11.013
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