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Growth, yield and fruit quality of pepper plants amended with two sanitized sewage sludges

AutorPascual Elizalde, Inmaculada; Azcona, Iñaki; Aguirreolea, Jone; Morales Iribas, Fermín ; Corpas, Francisco Javier; Palma, José Manuel; Rellán-Álvarez, Rubén ; Sánchez-Díaz, Manuel
Palabras claveCapsaicinoids
fruit yield
gene expression
pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Piquillo)
sewage sludge
vitamin C
Fecha de publicaciónmay-2010
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónPascual I, Azcona I, Aguirreolea J, Morales F, Corpas FJ, Palma JM, Rellán-Álvarez R, Sánchez-Díaz M. Growth, yield and fruit quality of pepper plants amended with two sanitized sewage sludges. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58 (11): 6951–6959 (2010)
ResumenOrganic wastes such as sewage sludge have been successfully used to increase crop productivity of horticultural soils. Nevertheless, considerations of the impact of sludges on vegetable and fruit quality have received little attention. Therefore, the objective of the present work was to investigate the impact of two sanitized sewage sludges, autothermal thermophilic aerobic digestion (ATAD) and compost sludge, on the growth, yield, and fruit quality of pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Piquillo) grown in the greenhouse. Two doses of ATAD (15 and 30% v/v) and three of composted sludge (15, 30, and 45%) were applied to a peat-based potting mix. Unamended substrate was included as control. ATAD and composted sludge increased leaf, shoot, and root dry matter, as well as fruit yield, mainly due to a higher number of fruits per plant. There was no effect of sludge on fruit size (dry matter per fruit and diameter). The concentrations of Zn and Cu in fruit increased with the addition of sewage sludges. Nevertheless, the levels of these elements remained below toxic thresholds. Pepper fruits from sludge-amended plants maintained low concentrations of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin, thus indicating low pungency level, in accordance with the regulations prescribed by the Control Board of “Lodosa Piquillo peppers” Origin Denomination. The application of sludges did not modify the concentration of vitamin C (ASC) in fruit, whereas the highest doses of composted sludge tended to increase the content of reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione, without change in the GSH/GSSG ratio. There were no effects of sludge on the transcript levels of enzymes involved in the synthesis of vitamin C, l-galactono-1,4-lactone dehydrogenase (GLDH) or in the ascorbate−glutathione cycle, ascorbate peroxidase (APX), monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDAR), and glutathione reductase (GR). Results suggest that the synthesis and degradation of ASC and GSH were compensated for in most of the treatments assayed. The application of sanitized sludges to pepper plants can improve pepper yield without loss of food nutritional quality, in terms of fruit size and vitamin C, glutathione, and capsaicinoid contents.
Descripción9 Pags., Tabls., Figs.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf100282f
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