Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Título : Effects of climate change on Mediterranean marine ecosystems: the case of the Catalan Sea
Autor : Calvo, Eva María, Simó, Rafel, Coma, Rafael, Ribes, Marta, Pascual, Josep, Sabatés, Ana, Gili, Josep Maria, Pelejero, Carles
Palabras clave : Climate change
Marine ecosystems
Catalan Sea
Mediterranean Sea
Time series
Fecha de publicación : Dec-2011
Editor: Inter Research
Resumen: The Catalan Sea, located between the eastern Iberian coast and the Balearic Islands, is a representative portion of the western Mediterranean basin and provides a valuable case study for climate change effects on Mediterranean ecosystems. Global warming is reflected regionally by a rise in sea level over the last century, an increase in surface temperature of around 1.1°C in the last 35 yr, a progressive salinisation of intermediate and deep waters and a strengthening of the stratification. A likely scenario of what we can expect in the Mediterranean Sea is a considerable decrease in rainfall and wind, warmer surface waters and a prolonged stratification period. The effects on Mediterranean ecosystems are evident in: (1) a meridionalisation of the algal, invertebrate and vertebrate species, which favours the more thermophilic species over the temperate species; (2) mass mortality events of sessile invertebrates of the coralligenous communities owing to anomalous warm waters during the period when food is scarce; (3) increases in the smallest phytoplankton due to the prolongation of the water stratification period; (4) proliferation of gelatinous carnivores, including jellyfish, due to the temperature rise and the lack of rainfall; (5) a faster acidification of seawater, compared with the global oceans, accompanied by a decrease in the capacity to absorb atmospheric CO2. In order to anticipate and mitigate these predicted changes, we recommend investing in research and observation, conserving areas that serve as indicators of climate change and reducing other anthropogenic pressures such as habitat destruction, overfishing or pollution, which may act synergistically to accelerate these changes.
Descripción : 29 pagex, 9 figures, 2 tables
Versión del editor:
ISSN: 0936-577X
DOI: 10.3354/cr01040
Fecha de embargo: 2016-01-01
Citación : Climate Research 50 (1): 1-29 (2011)
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
(CEAB) Artículos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
3104.pdf Embargado hasta January 1, 2016604,37 kBAdobe PDFView/Open    Request a copy
Show full item record

Items in Digital.CSIC are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.