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Closed Access item Lake Redó ecosystem response to an increasing warming in the Pyrennees during the twentieth century.
Appleby, P. G.
Grytnes, J. A.
|Keywords:||Diatoms, Cladocera, Climate change, Alpine lake, Paleolimnology, Lake sediments, Fossil pigments, Chrysophytes, Long-term lake dynamics, Chironomids|
|Citation:||Journal of Paleolimnology 28 : 129-145 (2002)|
|Abstract:||The ecosystem response of Lake Redó (Central Pyrenees) to fluctuations in seasonal air temperature during the
last two centuries was investigated by comparison of reconstructed air temperatures with the sediment record. Fine
slicing allowed a resolution of 3–6 years according to the 210Pb dating, although it was still difficult to easily investigate
the response to air temperature forcing, since extreme fluctuations in temperature occur on interannual timescales.
However, the resolution was sufficient to show responses on decadal and century scales. An overall tendency
to warming in mean annual temperature in the Central Pyrenees has been caused by summer and in particular by
autumn increases. Many of the measured sediment variables apparently responded to these long term trends, but
the significance of the relationships was highly conditioned by the structure of the data. The variables responding
most on the finer time scales were the microfossils. For diatoms, chironomids and chrysophytes the main variability
correlated to summer and to autumn temperatures. For two planktonic species, Fragilaria nanana and Cyclotella
pseudostelligera, we found a link of their variability with temperature fluctuations in their growing months (September
and October, respectively). This relationship appeared at a certain point during a general warming trend,
indicating a threshold in the response. On the other hand, no significant changes in the dominant species could be
linked to temperature, nor in any significant subgroup of the 180 diatom species present in the core. In contrast, for
most chironomids (particularly Paratanytarsus austriacus, Heterotrissocladius marcidus and Micropsectra radialis)
a negative relationship with summer temperature extended throughout the studied period. This response of the whole
group gives chironomids a more robust role as indicators for recording temperature changes on long time-scales
(e.g., through the Holocene) and for lake signal inter-comparison. Finally, our results indicated that, in all cases,
there was a significant resilience to high frequency changes and hysteresis despite extreme fluctuations. Although
we were dealing with organisms with one or many generations per year, their populations seemed to follow the
decadal trends in air temperature.|
|Description:||17 páginas, 10 figuras, 2 tablas.|
|Publisher version (URL):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1020380104031|
|E-ISSNmetadata.dc.identifier.doi = DOI:||1573-0417|
|Appears in Collections:||(CEAB) Artículos|
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