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Closed Access item Copper separation from nitrate/nitric acid media using Acorga M5640 extractant: Part II. Supported liquid membrane study

Authors:Alguacil, Francisco José
Alonso Gámez, Manuel
Sastre, Ana María
Keywords:Copper, Nitrate/nitric acid, Acorga M5640, Membrane transport
Issue Date:Jan-2002
Citation:Chemical Engineering Journal 85 (2-3) : 265-272 (2002)
Abstract:The facilitated transport of copper(II) from nitrate/nitric acid media through a flat-sheet supported liquid membrane (FSSLM) is investigated, using the commercially available oxime Acorga M5640 as ionophore, as a function of hydrodynamic conditions, concentration of copper (7.9×10−5 to 1.3×10−3 M) and H+ (pH 1.0–2.0) and ionic strength in the feed solution, carrier concentration (5–40% v/v) in the membrane and support characteristics. The performance of the system is also compared using various diluents for the organic phase and against other available oxime extractants (MOC-55TD, LIX 860 and LIX 622). A model is presented that describes the transport mechanism, consisting of diffusion through a feed side aqueous diffusion layer, a fast interfacial chemical reaction, and diffusion of carrier and its metal complex through the organic membrane. The organic membrane diffusional resistance (Δo) and aqueous diffusional resistance (Δa) were calculated from the proposed model, and their values were 7.6×106 and 273 s/cm, respectively. It was observed that the copper flux across the membrane tends to reach a plateau at high concentration of copper or a low concentration of H+ owing to carrier saturation within the membrane, and leads to a diffusion-controlled process. The values of the apparent diffusion coefficient (Doa) and limiting metal flux (Jlim) were calculated from the limiting conditions and found to be 2.0×10−8 cm2/s and 2.3×10−11 mol/cm2 s, respectively. The values of the bulk diffusion coefficient (Do,b) and diffusion coefficient (Do) calculated from the model were 5.9×10−9 and 1.6×10−9 cm2/s, respectively. The polymeric microporous solid support, Durapore GVHP 04700, was selected throughout the study as it gave the best performance.
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1385-8947(01)00167-X
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