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Trace metals and radionuclides in macroalgae from Moroccan coastal waters

AuthorsBenkdad, Azzouz; Laissaoui, Abdelmourhit; Tornero, Victoria ; Benmansour, Moncef; Chakir, ElMahjoub; Moreno-Garrido, Ignacio ; Blasco, Julián
KeywordsMoroccan coast
Issue Date4-Feb-2011
CitationEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment 182(1-4): 317-324 (2011)
AbstractMacroalgae species Codium sp, Bangia atropurpurea, Membranoptera alata, Plocamium cartilagineum, Dictyota dichotoma, Fucus spiralis and Stypocaulon scoparia were collected from seven stations along the north coast of Morocco. Samples were analysed to determine activities of naturally occurring radionuclides (210Pb, U isotopes and 40K) and concentrations of metals (Zn, Fe, Co, Cu, Ni, Mn, Pb, Cd, As and Cr) using radiometric and ICP-OES techniques, respectively. Metal concentrations were within ranges reported in the scientific literature, and concentrations of bio-essential elements were in the order Mn>Fe> Zn>Cu in all samples. Brown algae had the highest concentrations of almost all metals, and concentrations decreased in the order brown>red>green algae. With respect to radionuclides, the red alga P. cartilagineum had the highest activities of 210Pb, in most cases an order of magnitude higher than for the green alga Codium sp. 234U and 238U activities in all algae samples were in the range 0.96– 7.61 and 1.16–6.14 Bq/kg dry weight, respectively. Our analyses of radionuclide activities and metal concentrations in marine macroalgae showed large differences among taxa. These results provide insights into which algal species should be used for biomonitoring programmes.
Description8 páginas, 2 figuras, 2 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-1878-0
Appears in Collections:(ICMAN) Artículos
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