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Closed Access item Preparation of linear polyacrylamide-coated capillaries - Study of the polymerization process and its effect on capillary electrophoresis performance

Authors:Cifuentes, Alejandro
Canalejas, Patricia
Diez-Masa, Jose Carlos
Keywords:Coated capillaries, Capillary columns, DNA
Issue Date:1999
Publisher:Elsevier
Citation:Journal of Chromatography A, 830 : 423–438 (1999)
Abstract:The effect of different parameters controlling the characteristics of linear polyacrylamide coatings deposited on the inner wall of fused-silica capillaries and their influence on capillary electrophoresis (CE) performance of these coated columns is investigated. To carry out this study, a reproducible procedure to obtain capillaries with similar extent of modification of the surface silanols with 7-oct-1-enyltrimethoxisilane was first approached. Next the polymer attachment to the silica wall, via covalent linkage to the silyl reagent grafted onto the silica, was investigated. In this way, by using columns with a similar silylation extent, differences in CE performance observed among capillaries coated under diverse conditions could be assigned to the characteristics of the polyacrylamide layer. It is demonstrated that the characteristics and reproducibility of these polymeric coatings depend on the adequate control of both the temperature of polymerization and the degassing of the polymerizing dissolutions used. More interestingly, it is also demonstrated that the quantities of monomer (acrylamide), initiator (ammonium persulfate) and activator (N,N,N9,N9-tetramethylethylenediamine), and the ratio among them used in the preparation of the coating polymer have a large influence on the performance of CE columns. The optimum conditions for preparing the polyacrylamide coatings are discussed. The applicability of these linear polyacrylamide-coated capillaries to the separation of basic and acidic proteins in free zone CE is demonstrated. Besides, the use of these coated columns in capillary gel electrophoresis for the separation of DNA fragments is shown.
Description:27th Scientific Meeting of the Group-of-Chromatography-and-Related-Techniques of the Spanish-Royal-Society-of-Chemistry JUL 08-10, 1998 LUGO, ITALY
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(98)00923-6
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10261/43096
ISSN:0021-9673
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Appears in Collections:(IQOG) Artículos

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