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Tyrosine and phenylalanine supplementation on Diplodus sargus larvae: effect on growth and quality

AuthorsSaavedra, Margarida; Conceição, L. E. C.; Barr, Yoav; Helland, Synnove; Pousão-Ferreira, P.; Yúfera, Manuel ; Dinis, M. T.
KeywordsDiplodus sargus
Amino acids
Skeletal deformities
Issue Date15-Jan-2010
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationAquaculture Research 41(10): 1523-1532 (2010)
AbstractPhenylalanine is the precursor of tyrosine, which is involved in the synthesis of several molecules with key roles in the regulation of metabolism and growth, stress response and pigmentation. In this study, three experimental diets were tested: an amino acid (AA) balanced diet supplemented with phenylalanine, another supplemented with phenylalanine and tyrosine and a non-supplemented AA balanced diet. Rotifers were enriched with liposomes encapsulating free AA in order to obtain a balanced AA profile. The experimental diets resulted in similar larval survival, growth, enzyme activities of AA catabolism and nitrogen excretion in all treatments. High levels of skeletal deformities were registered and significant differences were found between the control and the phenylalanine treatment for the percentage of vertebral compressions in the trunk region of the vertebral column (30% in the control and 5% in the phenylalanine group). A significantly higher survival to a temperature stress test was found for larvae fed the diet supplemented with phenylalanine and tyrosine. The results suggest that supplementation of phenylalanine/tyrosine in fish diets may be useful in order to reduce skeletal deformities and mortalities caused by stress. The present study confirms that AA requirements may be sufficient for covering growth and survival but insufficient to cover other metabolic processes.
Description27 páginas, 3 figuras, 5 tablas. The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02446.x
Appears in Collections:(ICMAN) Artículos
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